Answer: The purpose of the Security Rule is to adopt national standards for safeguards to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic protected health information (e-PHI) that is collected, maintained, used or transmitted by a covered entity. Compliance is different for each organization and no single strategy will serve all covered entities. Covered entities should look to § 164.306 of the Security Rule for guidance to support decisions on how to comply with the standards and implementation specifications contained in §§ 164.308, 164.310, 164.312, 164.314, and 164.316. In general, this includes performing a risk analysis; implementing reasonable and appropriate security measures; and documenting and maintaining policies, procedures and other required documentation. Compliance is not a one-time goal, but an ongoing process. Meeting the requirements set out in the evaluation standard at § 164.308(a)(8) will assist covered entities in maintaining substantial compliance. By performing periodic technical and non-technical evaluations of the information security environment, a covered entity will be able to better ensure the security of e-PHI.