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Civil Rights Requirements- D. Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U.S.C. 1681 et. seq. (Title IX)

Title IX prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in educational programs and activities that receive or benefit from Federal financial assistance. Generally, a provider may not exclude, deny or provide different or lesser services to applicants or beneficiaries on the basis of sex.

Set forth below are examples of conduct that may violate Title IX:

  • A provider offers job training opportunities in electrical repair work, but has accepted no women into the training program even though several qualified women have requested admission.
  • Equal numbers of men and women are admitted into a provider's cosmetology training program. However, few of the men are referred to jobs in the cosmetology area, while many of the women are.
  • In a culinary training program, men are placed in a variety of food preparation classes taught by chefs, while women are placed in meal planning and serving classes taught by less qualified teachers.


For more information regarding Title IX of the Education Amendments and its prohibition against discrimination on the basis of sex (including sexual harassment), please click here

Content created by Office for Civil Rights (OCR)
Content last reviewed on October 18, 2019