Latest UC Data – FY2021

The Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) within the Administration for Children and Families, an operational division of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) manages the Unaccompanied Children (UC) Program.

UC are defined as a child who has no lawful immigration status in the United States; has not attained 18 years of age; and, with respect to whom, there is no parent or legal guardian in the United States, or no parent or legal guardian in the United States available to provide care and physical custody.

Other federal agencies, usually the Department of Homeland Security, refer UC to ORR. Most children were placed into ORR care because immigration authorities apprehended them while trying to cross the border. Other UC referrals resulted after coming to the attention of immigration authorities at some point after crossing the border. HHS plays no role in the apprehension or initial detention of UC prior to their referral to HHS custody and HHS is not a party to the child's immigration proceedings.

Since 2003, ORR has provided care for and found suitable sponsors for over 409,550 UC. For its first nine years, ORR served fewer than 8000 children annually. Since Fiscal Year 2012 (October 1, 2011 – September 30, 2012), this number has jumped dramatically, with 13,625 children referred to ORR by the end of FY 2012. The program received 24,668 UC referrals from DHS in FY 2013, 57,496 referrals in FY 2014, 33,726 referrals in FY 2015, 59,170 in FY 2016, 40,810 in FY 2017, 49,100 in FY 2018, and 69,550 in FY 2019. In FY 2020, DHS referred 15,381 UC to ORR.

The latest data available on UC demographics and program operations for fiscal year 2021 is on this page.

Overall Data | Gender | Age | Tender Age (0-12) UC By Shelter Type | Total Monthly Discharges to Individual Sponsors Only (By Category)

Overall Data

In Care Statistics Calculated on the Last Day of the Month 10/31/2020 11/30/2020 12/31/2020 01/31/2021 02/28/2021 03/31/2021
Average Number of Children in Care: 1,929 2,397 3,691 4,020 6,581 10,418
Maximum Number of Operations Beds*: 13,674 13,106 13,184 13,239 13,612 20,596
Average Occupancy Rate: 15% 18% 28% 30% 49% 65%
Average Length of Care (for those discharged)**: 51 42 44 42 37 35
Average Length of Care (for those in care)***: 123 88 69 54 42 27
30-Day Average Number of UC Referrals: 49 77 109 130 261 446
30-Day Average UC Discharge Rate: 2 1.8 2.2 2.2 2 2.1

*includes Influx shelters
**includes all discharge types & all program types
***Length of Care calculated as of the last day of the corresponding month showing above

Gender

In Care Statistics Calculated on the Last Day of the Month 10/31/2020 11/30/2020 12/31/2020 01/31/2021 02/28/2021 03/31/2021
Male 1,410 2,097 2,727 3,658 5,425 10,931
Female 631 949 1,127 1,468 2,319 3,878

Age

In Care Statistics Calculated on the Last Day of the Month 10/31/2020 11/30/2020 12/31/2020 01/31/2021 02/28/2021 03/31/2021
0-5 70 97 103 125 139 170
6-12 242 350 381 526 778 1,308
13-14 222 358 410 545 865 1,831
15-16 754 1,099 1,490 1,999 3,065 6,247
17+ 753 1,142 1,470 1,931 2,897 5,253

Tender Age (0-12) UC By Shelter Type

In Care Statistics Calculated on the Last Day of the Month 10/31/2020 11/30/2020 12/31/2020 01/31/2021 02/28/2021 03/31/2021
Standard Shelter 167 255 260 376 489 969
Transitional Foster Care 104 154 192 243 397 476
Residential Treatment 1 1 1 1 1 0
Staff Secure 0 0 0 0 0 0
Secure 0 0 0 0 0 0
Therapeutic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Long Term Foster Care 40 37 31 31 30 31

Total Monthly Discharges to Individual Sponsors Only (By Category)

In Care Statistics Calculated on the Last Day of the Month 10/31/2020 11/30/2020 12/31/2020 01/31/2021 02/28/2021 03/31/2021
Category 1 544 562 1,104 1,120 1,529 2,946
Category 2 443 531 1,012 1,272 1,561 2,991
Category 3 66 123 173 228 290 590
Total 1,053 1,216 2,289 2,620 3,380 6,527

*** PLEASE NOTE THAT ALL FY21 UC DATA REPRESENTED HERE IS UNRECONCILED AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE***

Content created by Administration for Children and Families (ACF)
Content last reviewed