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Latest UC Data – FY2019

The Unaccompanied Children (UC) Program is managed by the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) within the Administration for Children and Families, an operational division of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

UC are defined as a child who has no lawful immigration status in the United States; has not attained 18 years of age; and, with respect to whom, there is no parent or legal guardian in the United States, or no parent or legal guardian in the United States available to provide care and physical custody.

UC are referred to ORR by another federal agency, usually the Department of Homeland Security. Most children are placed into ORR care because they were apprehended by immigration authorities while trying to cross the border; others are referred after coming to the attention of immigration authorities at some point after crossing the border. HHS plays no role in the apprehension or initial detention of UC prior to their referral to HHS custody and HHS is not a party to the child’s immigration proceedings.

Since 2003, ORR has provided care for and found suitable sponsors for over 340,000 UC. For its first nine years at ORR, fewer than 8000 children were served annually in this program. Since Fiscal Year 2012 (October 1, 2011 – September 30, 2012), this number has jumped dramatically, with a total of 13,625 children referred to ORR by the end of FY 2012. The program received 24,668 UC referrals from DHS in FY 2013, 57,496 referrals in FY 2014, 33,726 referrals in FY 2015, 59,170 in FY 2016, and 40,810 in FY 2017. In FY 2018 49,100 UC were referred.

The latest data available on UC demographics and program operations for fiscal year 2019 is provided on this page.

Overall Data | Gender | Age | Tender Age (0-12) UC By Shelter Type | Total Monthly Discharges to Individual Sponsors Only (By Category)

Overall Data

In Care Statistics Calculated on the Last Day of the Month 10/31/2018 11/30/2018 12/31/2018 1/31/2019 2/28/2019 3/31/2019 4/30/2019 5/31/2019 6/30/2019 7/31/2019 8/31/2019 9/30/2019
Average Number of Children in Care: 13,286 13,936 14,226 11,151 11,473 11,851 12,587 13,123 13,432 11,049 7,751 5,775
Maximum Number of Operations Beds*: 15,684 15,846 16,051 15,424 13,435 14,048 14,363 14,375 15,097 15,897 16,159 13,432
Average Occupancy Rate: 87% 90% 89% 82% 86% 87% 88% 92% 92% 70% 53% 43%
Average Length of Care (for those discharged)**: 91 93 89 77 72 58 47 45 45 47 54 63
Average Length of Care (for those in care)***: 82 82 81 81 73 64 61 60 61 79 102 116
30-Day Average Number of UC Referrals: 140 151 164 145 210 256 286 293 294 167 100 82
30-Day Average UC Discharge Rate: 1.0 0.9 1.5 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.2

*includes Influx shelters
**includes all discharge types & all program types
***Length of Care calculated as of the last day of the corresponding month showing above

Gender

In Care Statistics Calculated on the Last Day of the Month 10/31/2018 11/30/2018 12/31/2018 1/31/2019 2/28/2019 3/31/2019 4/30/2019 5/31/2019 6/30/2019 7/31/2019 8/31/2019 9/30/2019
Male 9,598 9,801 8,971 7,842 8,016 8,449 8,766 9,229 8,650 6,177 4,284 3,402
Female 3,970 4,369 3,878 3,499 3,571 3,822 4,014 4,101 4,377 3,161 2,168 1,676

Age

In Care Statistics Calculated on the Last Day of the Month 10/31/2018 11/30/2018 12/31/2018 1/31/2019 2/28/2019 3/31/2019 4/30/2019 5/31/2019 6/30/2019 7/31/2019 8/31/2019 9/30/2019
0-5 322 344 354 311 280 333 380 432 491 450 341 280
6-12 1,367 1,489 1,165 1,074 1,093 1,211 1,379 1,417 1,517 1,198 815 653
13-14 1,482 1,557 1,315 1,155 1,195 1,265 1,331 1,345 1,382 940 640 505
15-16 5,002 5,328 4,933 4,286 4,454 4,620 4,812 5,069 4,752 3,243 2,221 1,708
17 5,395 5,452 5,082 4,515 4,565 4,842 4,878 5,067 4,885 3,507 2,435 1,932

Tender Age (0-12) UC By Shelter Type

In Care Statistics Calculated on the Last Day of the Month 10/31/2018 11/30/2018 12/31/2018 1/31/2019 2/28/2019 3/31/2019 4/30/2019 5/31/2019 6/30/2019 7/31/2019 8/31/2019 9/30/2019
Standard Shelter 795 901 719 549 456 528 633 667 782 636 478 351
Transitional Foster Care 858 898 764 799 882 981 1,090 1,145 1,187 976 642 545
Residential Treatment 5 3 3 5 4 4 4 4 3 4 3 1
Staff Secure 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1
Secure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Therapeutic 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0
Long Term Foster Care 30 30 31 30 29 29 31 31 33 29 32 35

Total Monthly Discharges to Individual Sponsors Only (By Category)

In Care Statistics Calculated on the Last Day of the Month 10/31/2018 11/30/2018 12/31/2018 1/31/2019 2/28/2019 3/31/2019 4/30/2019 5/31/2019 6/30/2019 7/31/2019 8/31/2019 9/30/2019
Category 1 1,471 1,544 2,934 2,246 2,258 3,130 3,766 3,803 3,758 3,496 2,301 1,385
Category 2 1,700 1,560 2,563 2,883 2,530 3,186 3,443 3,753 4,273 4,144 2,547 1,555
Category 3 291 295 521 452 490 580 528 545 692 823 799 591
Total 3,462 3,399 6,018 5,581 5,278 6,896 7,737 8,101 8,723 8,463 5,647 3,531

*** PLEASE NOTE THAT ALL FY19 UC DATA REPRESENTED HERE IS UNRECONCILED AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE***

 

Content created by Administration for Children and Families (ACF)
Content last reviewed