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Latest UAC Data – FY2019

The Unaccompanied Alien Children (UAC) Program is managed by the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) within the Administration for Children and Families, an operational division of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

UAC are defined as a child who has no lawful immigration status in the United States; has not attained 18 years of age; and, with respect to whom, there is no parent or legal guardian in the United States, or no parent or legal guardian in the United States available to provide care and physical custody.

UAC are referred to ORR by another federal agency, usually the Department of Homeland Security. Most children are placed into ORR care because they were apprehended by immigration authorities while trying to cross the border; others are referred after coming to the attention of immigration authorities at some point after crossing the border. HHS plays no role in the apprehension or initial detention of UAC prior to their referral to HHS custody and HHS is not a party to the child’s immigration proceedings.

Since 2003, ORR has provided care for and found suitable sponsors for over 340,000 UAC. For its first nine years at ORR, fewer than 8000 children were served annually in this program. Since Fiscal Year 2012 (October 1, 2011 – September 30, 2012), this number has jumped dramatically, with a total of 13,625 children referred to ORR by the end of FY 2012. The program received 24,668 UAC referrals from DHS in FY 2013, 57,496 referrals in FY 2014, 33,726 referrals in FY 2015, 59,170 in FY 2016, and 40,810 in FY 2017. In FY 2018 49,100 UAC were referred.

The latest data available on UAC demographics and program operations for fiscal year 2019 is provided on this page.

Overall Data | Gender | Age | Tender Age (0-12) UAC By Shelter Type | Total Monthly Discharges to Individual Sponsors Only (By Category)

Overall Data

In Care Statistics Calculated on the Last Day of the Month 10/31/2018 11/30/2018 12/31/2018 1/31/2019 2/28/2019 3/31/2019 4/30/2019 5/31/2019 6/30/2019
Average Number of Children in Care: 13,286 13,936 14,226 11,151 11,473 11,851 12,587 13,123 13,027
Maximum Number of Operations Beds*: 15,684 15,846 16,051 15,424 13,435 14,048 14,363 14,375 15,097
Average Occupancy Rate: 87% 90% 89% 82% 86% 87% 88% 92% 92%
Average Length of Care (for those discharged)**: 91 93 89 77 72 58 48 45 45
Average Length of Care (for those in care)***: 82 82 81 82 73 64 61 60 68
30-Day Average Number of UAC Referrals: 140 151 164 145 210 253 287 294 294
30-Day Average UAC Discharge Rate: 1.0 0.9 1.5 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.3

*includes Influx shelters
**includes all discharge types & all program types
***Length of Care calculated as of the last day of the corresponding month showing above

Gender

In Care Statistics Calculated on the Last Day of the Month 10/31/2018 11/30/2018 12/31/2018 1/31/2019 2/28/2019 3/31/2019 4/30/2019 5/31/2019 6/30/2019
Male 9,597 9,801 8,973 7,845 8,020 8,449 8,766 9,229 8,650
Female 3,970 4,369 3,879 3,502 3,579 3,821 4,014 4,101 4,377

Age

In Care Statistics Calculated on the Last Day of the Month 10/31/2018 11/30/2018 12/31/2018 1/31/2019 2/28/2019 3/31/2019 4/30/2019 5/31/2019 6/30/2019
0-5 320 344 354 312 279 333 380 432 491
6-12 1,367 1,489 1,164 1,072 1,097 1,211 1,379 1,417 1,517
13-14 1,483 1,557 1,316 1,157 1,195 1,265 1,331 1,345 1,382
15-16 4,992 5,319 4,924 4,281 4,447 4,619 4,812 5,069 4,752
17 5,405 5,461 5,094 4,525 4,581 4,842 4,878 5,067 4,885

Tender Age (0-12) UAC By Shelter Type

In Care Statistics Calculated on the Last Day of the Month 10/31/2018 11/30/2018 12/31/2018 1/31/2019 2/28/2019 3/31/2019 4/30/2019 5/31/2019 6/30/2019
Standard Shelter 793 901 719 549 458 528 633 667 782
Transitional Foster Care 858 898 764 798 883 981 1,090 1,145 1,187
Residential Treatment 5 3 3 5 4 4 4 4 3
Staff Secure 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2
Secure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Therapeutic 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1
Long Term Foster Care 30 30 30 30 29 29 31 31 33

Total Monthly Discharges to Individual Sponsors Only (By Category)

In Care Statistics Calculated on the Last Day of the Month 10/31/2018 11/30/2018 12/31/2018 1/31/2019 2/28/2019 3/31/2019 4/30/2019 5/31/2019 6/30/2019
Category 1 1,468 1,531 2,924 2,244 2,224 3,130 3,749 3,799 3,760
Category 2 1,693 1,554 2,551 2,870 2,517 3,187 3,430 3,753 4,268
Category 3 291 292 499 449 497 580 526 545 688
Total 3,452 3,377 5,974 5,563 5,238 6,897 7,705 8,097 8,716
Content created by Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs (ASPA)
Content last reviewed on July 24, 2019