The Office of HIV/AIDS and Infectious Disease Policy (OHAIDP) is responsible for coordinating OASH activities related to blood and tissue safety and availability. Responsibilities include support of the HHS Advisory Committee on Blood and Tissue Safety and Availability; oversight of various blood, tissue and organ studies and surveys; and coordination of certain initiatives that require cross-Agency participation.
National Tissue Recovery through Utilization Survey
OHAIDP contracted the American Association of Tissue Banks (AATB) to conduct a survey of U.S. tissue establishments that provide or engage in one or more services involving tissue from living or deceased persons. Services included donor eligibility assessment and recovery, processing, storage and distribution of human tissue. The report provides a comprehensive view of tissue banking activities in 2012 and 2015. Key information collected from both years, and from a 2007 survey by AATB, was compared where possible.
Tissue and Organ Donor Epidemiology Study
Mandatory and voluntary measures are in place to provide safe, transplantable organs and tissues; however, efforts to minimize the risk of donor-derived infections continue. The overarching goals of the Tissue and Organ Donor Epidemiology Study were to: (1) develop a study design or framework to effectively collect and analyze demographic, screening, and infectious disease testing data obtained from deceased organ, tissue, and eye donors, including referral-only donors, in a standardized manner; (2) identify challenges to obtaining such data in a consistent and standardized format; and (3) identify limitations, including sources of bias from data collected. This exploratory study creates a pathway for further research to more accurately estimate infection risks associated with organ and tissue transplantation.
Blood Sustainability Study
OHAIDP has contracted RAND Corp to produce a research report titled: “Toward a sustainable blood supply in the United States: an analysis of the current system and alternatives for the future.” The objective of this study is to analyze and develop a report describing the present and potential future sustainability of the U.S. blood system. The study draws on a range of quantitative and qualitative methodologies, including analysis of aggregated claims data and survey data, semi-structured interviews across key stakeholder groups, and reviews of existing peer-reviewed and other literature.