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Impact of the Affordable Care Act in Oklahoma

Thousands of Oklahomans have gained coverage, and millions more have had their coverage substantially improved

Today, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services released an extensive compilation of state-level data illustrating the substantial improvements in health care for all Americans over the last six years. The data show that the uninsured rate in Oklahoma has fallen by 26 percent since the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was enacted in 2010, translating into 192,000 Oklahomans gaining coverage. And, in addition to residents who would otherwise be uninsured, millions more Oklahomans with employer, Medicaid, individual market, or Medicare coverage have also benefited from new protections as a result of the law.

“As our nation debates changes to the health care system, it’s important to take stock of where we are today compared to where we were before the Affordable Care Act,” said Secretary Sylvia M. Burwell. “Whether Oklahomans get coverage through an employer, Medicaid, the individual market, or Medicare, they have better health coverage and care today as a result of the ACA. Millions of Americans with all types of coverage have a stake in the future of health reform. We need to build on our progress and continue to improve health care access, quality, and affordability, not move our system backward.”

Highlights of today’s data release include:

Employer Coverage: 1,948,000 people in Oklahoma are covered through employer-sponsored health plans. Since the ACA was enacted in 2010, this group has seen:

  • An end to annual and lifetime limits: Before the ACA, 1,197,000 Oklahomans with employer or individual market coverage had a lifetime limit on their insurance policy. That meant their coverage could end exactly when they needed it most. The ACA prohibits annual and lifetime limits on policies, so all Oklahomans with employer plans now have coverage that’s there when they need it.
  • Young adults covered until age 26: An estimated 29,000 young adults in Oklahoma have benefited from the ACA provision that allows kids to stay on their parents’ health insurance up to age 26.
  • Free preventive care: Under the ACA, health plans must cover preventive services — like flu shots, cancer screenings, contraception, and mammograms – at no extra cost to consumers. This provision benefits 1,556,695 people in Oklahoma, most of whom have employer coverage.
  • Slower premium growth: The average premium for Oklahoma families with employer coverage grew 5.4 percent per year from 2010-2015, compared with 6.4 percent over the previous decade. Assuming Oklahoma premiums grew in line with the national average in 2016, family premiums in Oklahoma are $1,300 lower today than if growth had matched the pre-ACA decade.
  • Better value through the 80/20 rule: Because of the ACA, health insurance companies must spend at least 80 cents of each premium dollar on health care or care improvements, rather than administrative costs like salaries or marketing, or else give consumers a refund. Oklahomans with employer coverage have received $23,177,424 in insurance refunds since 2012.

Medicaid: 788,544 people in Oklahoma are covered by Medicaid or the Children’s Health Insurance Program, including 512,059 children and 91,920 seniors and people with disabilities covered by both Medicaid and Medicare. The ACA expanded Medicaid eligibility and strengthened the program for those already eligible.

  • 127,000 Oklahomans could gain coverage: An estimated 127,000 Oklahomans could have health insurance today if Oklahoma expanded Medicaid under the ACA. Coverage improves access to care, financial security, and health; expansion would result in an estimated 15,000 more Oklahomans getting all needed care, 18,100 fewer Oklahomans struggling to pay medical bills, and 150 avoided deaths each year.
  • Up to 71,000 Oklahomans with a mental illness or substance use disorder could get help: 71,000 Oklahomans, or an estimated 33 percent of those who could gain Medicaid coverage through expansion, have a mental illness or substance use disorder.
  • Oklahoma could be saving millions in uncompensated care costs: Instead of spending $130 million on uncompensated care, which increases costs for everyone, Oklahoma could be getting $770 million in federal support to provide low-income adults with much needed care.
  • Children, people with disabilities, and seniors can more easily access Medicaid coverage: The ACA streamlined Medicaid eligibility processes, eliminating hurdles so that vulnerable Oklahomans could more easily access and maintain coverage.
  • Oklahoma is improving health care for individuals with chronic conditions, including those with severe mental illness: The ACA established a new Medicaid flexibility that allows states to create health homes, a new care delivery model to improve care coordination and lower costs for individuals with chronic conditions, such as severe mental illness, Hepatitis C, diabetes and heart disease

Individual market: 130,178 people in Oklahoma have coverage through the Marketplace. Individual market coverage is dramatically better compared to before the ACA:

  • No discrimination based on pre-existing conditions: Up to 1,578,794 people in Oklahoma have a pre-existing health condition. Before the ACA, these Oklahomans could have been denied coverage or charged an exorbitant price if they needed individual market coverage. Now, health insurance companies cannot refuse coverage or charge people more because of pre-existing conditions.
  • Tax credits available to help pay for coverage: Before the ACA, only those with employer coverage generally got tax benefits to help pay for health insurance. Now, 113,209 moderate- and middle-income Oklahomans receive tax credits averaging $298 per month to help them get covered through HealthCare.gov.
  • Women pay the same as men: Before the ACA, women were often charged more than men just because of their gender. That is now illegal thanks to the ACA, protecting roughly half the people of Oklahoma.
  • Greater transparency and choice: Before the ACA, it was virtually impossible for consumers to effectively compare insurance plan prices and shop for the best value. Thanks to the ACA, consumers can now shop for coverage on a transparent market, choosing among 13 plans on average.

Medicare: 693,677 people in Oklahoma are covered by Medicare. The ACA strengthened the Medicare Trust Fund, extending its life by over a decade. In addition, Medicare enrollees have benefited from:

  • Lower costs for prescription drugs: Because the ACA is closing the prescription drug donut hole, 65,788 Oklahoma seniors are saving $68 million on drugs in 2015, an average of $1,032 per beneficiary.
  • Free preventive services: The ACA added coverage of an annual wellness visit and eliminated cost-sharing for recommended preventive services such as cancer screenings. In 2015, 388,681 Oklahoma seniors, or 71 percent of all Oklahoma seniors enrolled in Medicare Part B, took advantage of at least one free preventive service.
  • Fewer hospital mistakes: The ACA introduced new incentives for hospitals to avoid preventable patient harms and avoidable readmissions. Hospital readmissions for Oklahoma Medicare beneficiaries dropped 10 percent between 2010 and 2015, which translates into 1,878 times Oklahoma Medicare beneficiaries avoided an unnecessary return to the hospital in 2015. 
  • More coordinated care: The ACA encouraged groups of doctors, hospitals, and other health care providers to come together to provide coordinated high-quality care to the Medicare patients they serve. 7 Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) in Oklahoma now offer Medicare beneficiaries the opportunity to receive higher quality, more coordinated care.
Content created by Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs (ASPA)
Content last reviewed on December 13, 2016
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