Impact of the Affordable Care Act in Minnesota
Hundreds of thousands of Minnesotans have gained coverage, and millions more have had their coverage substantially improved
Today, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services released an extensive compilation of state-level data illustrating the substantial improvements in health care for all Americans over the last six years. The data show that the uninsured rate in Minnesota has fallen by 51 percent since the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was enacted in 2010, translating into 250,000 Minnesotans gaining coverage. And, in addition to residents who would otherwise be uninsured, millions more Minnesotans with employer, Medicaid, individual market, or Medicare coverage have also benefited from new protections as a result of the law.
“As our nation debates changes to the health care system, it’s important to take stock of where we are today compared to where we were before the Affordable Care Act,” said Secretary Sylvia M. Burwell. “Whether Minnesotans get coverage through an employer, Medicaid, the individual market, or Medicare, they have better health coverage and care today as a result of the ACA. Millions of Americans with all types of coverage have a stake in the future of health reform. We need to build on our progress and continue to improve health care access, quality, and affordability, not move our system backward.”
Highlights of today’s data release include:
Employer Coverage: 3,319,000 people in Minnesota are covered through employer-sponsored health plans. Since the ACA was enacted in 2010, this group has seen:
- An end to annual and lifetime limits: Before the ACA, 2,043,000 Minnesotans with employer or individual market coverage had a lifetime limit on their insurance policy. That meant their coverage could end exactly when they needed it most. The ACA prohibits annual and lifetime limits on policies, so all Minnesotans with employer plans now have coverage that’s there when they need it.
- Young adults covered until age 26: An estimated 38,000 young adults in Minnesota have benefited from the ACA provision that allows kids to stay on their parents’ health insurance up to age 26.
- Free preventive care: Under the ACA, health plans must cover preventive services — like flu shots, cancer screenings, contraception, and mammograms – at no extra cost to consumers. This provision benefits 2,761,583 people in Minnesota, most of whom have employer coverage.
- Slower premium growth: The average premium for Minnesota families with employer coverage grew 4.0 percent per year from 2010-2015, compared with 7.2 percent over the previous decade. Assuming Minnesota premiums grew in line with the national average in 2016, family premiums in Minnesota are $3,600 lower today than if growth had matched the pre-ACA decade.
- Better value through the 80/20 rule: Because of the ACA, health insurance companies must spend at least 80 cents of each premium dollar on health care or care improvements, rather than administrative costs like salaries or marketing, or else give consumers a refund. Minnesotans with employer coverage have received $1,040,625 in insurance refunds since 2012.
Medicaid: 1,051,509 people in Minnesota are covered by Medicaid or the Children’s Health Insurance Program, including 519,101 children and 117,508 seniors and people with disabilities covered by both Medicaid and Medicare. The ACA expanded Medicaid eligibility and strengthened the program for those already eligible.
- 36,000 Minnesotans have gained coverage through Medicaid: An estimated 36,000 Minnesotans have health insurance today because Minnesota expanded Medicaid under the ACA. Coverage improves access to care, financial security, and health, resulting in an estimated 4,000 more Minnesotans getting all needed care, 5,100 fewer Minnesotans struggling to pay medical bills, and 40 avoided deaths each year.
- Thousands of Minnesotans with a mental illness or substance use disorder are getting care: Thanks to expansion and improved access to treatment, an estimated 3,000 fewer Minnesotans are experiencing symptoms of depression.
- Minnesota is saving millions in uncompensated care costs: Instead of spending $40 million on uncompensated care, which increases costs for everyone, Minnesota is getting $400 million in federal support to provide low-income adults with much needed coverage.
- Children, people with disabilities, and seniors can more easily access Medicaid coverage: The ACA streamlined Medicaid eligibility processes, eliminating hurdles so that vulnerable Minnesotans could more easily access and maintain coverage.
- Minnesota can better fight opioids: Under the ACA, CMS provided technical assistance that is giving Minnesota the opportunity to strengthen Medicaid services for people struggling with opioid abuse or other substance use disorders (SUDs). For example, Minnesota received support to: better identify individuals with an SUD; expand coverage for effective SUD treatment; enhance SUD care delivered to beneficiaries; and develop payment mechanisms for SUD services that incentivize better outcomes.
Individual market: 74,060 people in Minnesota have coverage through the Marketplace. Individual market coverage is dramatically better compared to before the ACA:
- No discrimination based on pre-existing conditions: Up to 2,318,738 people in Minnesota have a pre-existing health condition. Before the ACA, these Minnesotans could have been denied coverage or charged an exorbitant price if they needed individual market coverage. Now, health insurance companies cannot refuse coverage or charge people more because of pre-existing conditions.
- Tax credits available to help pay for coverage: Before the ACA, only those with employer coverage generally got tax benefits to help pay for health insurance. Now, 47,266 moderate- and middle-income Minnesotans receive tax credits averaging $203 per month to help them get covered through HealthCare.gov.
- Women pay the same as men: Before the ACA, women were often charged more than men just because of their gender. That is now illegal thanks to the ACA, protecting roughly half the people of Minnesota.
- Greater transparency and choice: Before the ACA, it was virtually impossible for consumers to effectively compare insurance plan prices and shop for the best value. Under the ACA, Minnesota has received $8 million in federal funding to provide a more transparent marketplace where consumers can easily compare plans.
Medicare: 944,222 people in Minnesota are covered by Medicare. The ACA strengthened the Medicare Trust Fund, extending its life by over a decade. In addition, Medicare enrollees have benefited from:
- Lower costs for prescription drugs: Because the ACA is closing the prescription drug donut hole, 73,484 Minnesota seniors are saving $72 million on drugs in 2015, an average of $981 per beneficiary.
- Free preventive services: The ACA added coverage of an annual wellness visit and eliminated cost-sharing for recommended preventive services such as cancer screenings. In 2015, 271,698 Minnesota seniors, or 68 percent of all Minnesota seniors enrolled in Medicare Part B, took advantage of at least one free preventive service.
- Fewer hospital mistakes: The ACA introduced new incentives for hospitals to avoid preventable patient harms and avoidable readmissions. Hospital readmissions for Minnesota Medicare beneficiaries dropped 7 percent between 2010 and 2015, which translates into 1,435 times Minnesota Medicare beneficiaries avoided an unnecessary return to the hospital in 2015.
- More coordinated care: The ACA encouraged groups of doctors, hospitals, and other health care providers to come together to provide coordinated high-quality care to the Medicare patients they serve. 8 Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) in Minnesota now offer Medicare beneficiaries the opportunity to receive higher quality, more coordinated care.