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FAQ 2038 Can an individual's personal representative

This FAQ answers if an individual's personal representative, through HIPAA right of access, have the health care provider or health plan send the individual's PHI to a third party.


Issued by: Office for Civil Rights (OCR)

Can an individual’s personal representative, through the HIPAA right of access, have the individual’s health care provider or health plan send the individual’s PHI to a third party?

This guidance remains in effect only to the extent that it is consistent with the court’s order in Ciox Health, LLC v. Azar, No. 18-cv-0040 (D.D.C. January 23, 2020), which may be found at More information about the order is available at Any provision within this guidance that has been vacated by the Ciox Health decision is rescinded.

Yes. An individual’s personal representative (generally, a person with authority under State law to make health care decisions for the individual) has the right both to receive a copy of PHI about the individual in a designated record set, and to direct the covered entity to transmit a copy of the PHI to another person or entity, upon request, consistent with the scope of such representation and the requirements of 45 CFR 164.524. See 45 CFR 164.502(g). The same requirements for fulfilling an individual’s request to send the individual’s PHI to a third party (e.g., with respect to timeliness, form and format, bases for denial, fee limitations, etc.) also apply to requests made by an individual’s personal representative.

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