Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Return to Search

Discrimination on the Basis of Race, Color, or National Origin (Including LEP)

Thi is a description of types of prohibited discrimination based on race, color, or national origin under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act. The target audience is individuals and advocates.


Issued by: Office for Civil Rights (OCR)

Discrimination on the Basis of Race, Color, or National Origin (including LEP)

Title VI protects people of every race, color, or national origin from discrimination in programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance from HHS. Section 1557 of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) also prohibits discrimination on the ground of race, color, or national origin, under “any health program or activity, any part of which is receiving Federal financial assistance … or under any program or activity that is administered by an Executive agency or any entity established under [Title I of ACA]….”

A recipient of federal financial assistance may not, based on race, color, or national origin:

  • Deny services or other benefits provided as a part of health or human service programs
  • Provide a different service or other benefit, or provide services or benefits in a different manner from those provided to others under the program
  • Segregate or separately treat individuals in any matter related to the receipt of any service or other benefit
  • Utilize criteria or methods of administration which subject individuals to discrimination
  • Select a facility’s site or location that excludes individuals or denies them benefits
  • Deny an individual an opportunity to participate on a planning or advisory board

If you believe that you (or someone else) have been discriminated against—because of race, color, or national origin—in health care or human services, you may file a complaint with OCR.

Your Rights Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act - PDF

Law and Regulations

Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VI) 42 U.S.C.§ 2000d - PDF

Title VI Implementing Regulations, 45 C.F.R. Part 80

Special Topics in Civil Rights

Have Your Civil Rights Been Violated?

File a Civil Rights Complaint

HHS is committed to making its websites and documents accessible to the widest possible audience, including individuals with disabilities. We are in the process of retroactively making some documents accessible. If you need assistance accessing an accessible version of this document, please reach out to the

DISCLAIMER: The contents of this database lack the force and effect of law, except as authorized by law (including Medicare Advantage Rate Announcements and Advance Notices) or as specifically incorporated into a contract. The Department may not cite, use, or rely on any guidance that is not posted on the guidance repository, except to establish historical facts.