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About the Pregnancy Assistance Fund (PAF) Program

The Office of Population Affairs' (OPA) Pregnancy Assistance Fund (PAF) Program is a $25 million per year competitive grant program that aims to improve the health, educational, social, and economic outcomes of expectant and parenting teens, women, fathers, and their families. Compared with their peers who delay childbearing, teen girls who have babies are less likely to finish high school, more likely to rely on public assistance, and more likely to be poor as adults.1 Teen fathers are also less likely to graduate high school2 and more likely to face fewer employment opportunities than their nonparent peers.3 Since 2010, OPA has provided funding to 32 states, including the District of Columbia, and five tribal organizations. Currently, 22 states and one tribal organization are funded through the PAF Program.

PAF Program grantees use funds to:

  • Establish, maintain, or operate expectant and parenting student services in high schools, community service centers, and/or Institutions of Higher Education
  • Improve services for pregnant women who are victims of domestic violence
  • Increase public awareness and education concerning the services available to expectant and parenting teens, women, fathers, and their families

As a result of the PAF Program, more than 93,000 expectant and parenting teens, women, fathers, and their families have received a wide range of support services related to personal health, child health, parenting, education, and employment, as well as concrete supports like diapers and baby equipment. Data collected through the PAF Performance Measures, shows that participants of the PAF Program have experienced many positive outcomes including improvements in high school graduation, acceptance into Institutions of Higher Education, reductions in dropping out of high school, and reductions in subsequent unintended pregnancies.

PAF FY16 Accomplishments

Participation in PAF supports positive educational outcomes for young parents, including staying in and graduating high school, planning to attend college, and not delaying educational plans.

More Information about the PAF Program


1 Hoffman, S. D., & Maynard, R. A. (Eds.). (2008). Kids having kids: Economic costs and social consequences of teen pregnancy (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.
2 Mollborn, S. (2010). Exploring Variation in Teenage Mothers’ and Fathers’ Educational Attainment. Journal of Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 42(3): 152-159.
3 Bunting, L., and McAuley, C. (2004). Research Review: Teenage pregnancy and parenthood: the role of fathers. Journal of Child & Family Social Work, 9(3):295-303.

Content created by Office of Adolescent Health
Content last reviewed on July 1, 2019