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Arkansas Adolescent Reproductive Health Facts

Arkansas was ranked 1 out of 51 (50 states + the District of Columbia)1 on final 2015 teen births rates among females aged 15-19 (with 1 representing the highest rate and 51 representing the lowest rate).RH1

1Rank calculated from birth rates for this publication.

Number of births to females under 20 years of age, 2015 RH3

Total1 Arkansas United States
Females under 20 years of age 3,719 232,215
Females aged Arkansas United States
Under 15 42 2,500
15-17 913 61,184
18-19 2,764 168,531
15-19 3,677 229,715
Mother's race/ethnicity Arkansas United States
Non-Hispanic white2 2,213 91,415
Non-Hispanic black2 992 50,884
American Indian or Alaska Native2,3 45 4,791
Asian or Pacific Islander2,3 49 4,334
Hispanic4 423 81,350
1
Includes all births, including those with Hispanic origin not stated and not shown separately.
2
Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on birth certificates. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards.
3
Includes persons of Hispanic, non-Hispanic and origin not stated according to mother's reported race.
4
Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.

Teen birth rate (births per 1,000 females aged 15–19), 2015 RH1

Total1 Arkansas United States
Females aged 15-19 38.0 22.3
Females aged Arkansas United States
15-17 15.6 9.9
18-19 72.4 40.7

Percent changea in the teen birth rate, 1991-2015 and 2014-2015 RH1, RH3

Total Arkansas United States
Change in rate to females aged 15-19 (1991 to 2015) -52% -64%
Change in rate to females aged 15-19 (2014 to 2015) -3% -8%

a State-level change calculated for this webpage.

The U.S. teen birth rate peaked in 1991 at 61.8 births per 1,000 teen females aged 15-19.


Of all births to females under 20 years of age, percenta by race/ethnicity, 2015 RH1, RH3

Mother's race/ethnicity1 Arkansas United States
Non-Hispanic white2 60% 39%
Non-Hispanic black2 27% 22%
American Indian or Alaska Native2,3 1% 2%
Asian or Pacific Islander2,3 1% 2%
Hispanic4 11% 35%
a
Percentage calculated for this webpage.
1
Includes all births, including those with Hispanic origin not stated and not shown separately.
2
Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on birth certificates. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards.
3
Includes persons of Hispanic, non-Hispanic and origin not stated according to mother's reported race.
4
Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.

Of all births to females under 20 years of age, percent repeat births, 2015 RH1RH3

Total1 Arkansas United States
Females under 20 years of age 18% 17%
Mother's race/ethnicity Arkansas United States
Non-Hispanic white2 17% 14%
Non-Hispanic black2 20% 17%
American Indian or Alaska Native2,3 * 18%
Asian or Pacific Islander2,3 27% 16%
Hispanic4 20% 18%
a
 Percentage calculated for this webpage.

1
Includes all births, including those with Hispanic origin not stated and not shown separately.
2
Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on birth certificates. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards.
3
Includes persons of Hispanic, non-Hispanic and origin not stated according to mother's reported race.
4
Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.

Percenta low birthweight births, among females under 20 years of age, 2015 RH1, RH3

Total Arkansas United States
Females under 20 years of age 10.2% 9.5%

a  Percentage calculated for this webpage.

Low birth weight is defined as less than 2,500 grams (about 5.5 pounds or 5 pounds and 8 ounces).


Teen pregnancy rate (pregnancies per 1,000 females aged 15-19), 2011 RH2

Total Arkansas United States
Females aged 15-19 69% 52
Females aged Arkansas United States
15-17 33% 27
18-19 120 89

Percent changea in the teen pregnancy rate, 1988-2011 RH2

Total Arkansas United States
Change in rate to females aged 15-19 (1988 to 2011) -39% -53%

a  Percent change calculated for this webpage.

In 1998, the teen pregnancy rate was 114 pregnancies per 1,000 females aged 15-19 in Arkansas, and 111 in the U.S. The U.S. teen pregnancy rate peaked in 1990 at 117.6 pregnancies per 1,000 females aged 15-19, but state data are not available for that year.


Teen abortion rate (abortions per 1,000 females aged 15-19), 2011 RH2

Total Arkansas United States
Female aged 15-19 8% 14
Females aged Arkansas United States
15-17 4% 8
18-19 12% 22

Percent changea in the teen abortion rate, 1988-2011 RH2

Total Arkansas United States
Change in rate to females aged 15-19 (1988 to 2011) -71% -68%

a  Percent change calculated for this webpage.

The U.S. teen abortion rate peaked in 1988 at 44.0 abortions per 1,000 females aged 15-19. The teen abortion rate for Arkansas was 28 abortions per 1,000 females aged 15-19 in 1988.


Sexual behaviors among high school students (grades 9-12), 2015 RH4

Percent of high school students who report they have ever had sexual intercourse Arkansas United States
Total 46% 41%
Male 47% 43%
Female 45% 39%
Percent of high school students who report they had sexual intercourse for the first time before 13 years of age Arkansas United States
Total 6% 4%
Male 9% 6%
Female 3% 2%
Percent of high school students who report they have had sexual intercourse with 4 or more persons Arkansas United States
Total 16% 11%
Male 19% 14%
Female 13% 9%
Percent of high school students who report they drank alcohol or used drugs before last sexual intercourse Arkansas United States
Total 19% 21%
Male 27% 25%
Female 12% 16%

Birth control use among sexually active high school students (grades 9-12), 2015 RH4

Percent of high school students who report they or their partner used a condom during last sexual intercourse Arkansas United States
Total 53% 57%
Male 60% 62%
Female 47% 52%
Percent of high school students who report they or their partner used birth control pills before last sexual intercourse Arkansas United States
Total 18% 18%
Male 15% 15%
Female 20% 21%
Percent of high school students who report they or their partner used an IUD (e.g., Mirena or ParaGard) or implant (e.g., Implanon or Nexplanon) before last sexual intercourse Arkansas United States
Total 1% 3%
Male 0% 2%
Female 2% 5%
Percent of high school students who report they or their partner used a shot (e.g., Depo-Provera), patch (e.g., OrthoEvra), or birth control ring (e.g., NuvaRing) before last sexual intercourse Arkansas United States
Total 9% 5%
Male 8% 3%
Female 10% 8%
Percent of high school students who report they or their partner used birth control pills; an IUD or implant; or a shot, patch, or birth control ring before last sexual intercourse Arkansas United States
Total 28% 27%
Male 23% 20%
Female 32% 34%
Percent of high school students who report they or their partner used birth control pills; an IUD or implant; or a shot, patch, or birth control ring before last sexual intercourse Arkansas United States
Total 11% 9%
Male 10% 6%
Female 11% 12%
Percent of high school students who report they or their partner did not use any method to prevent pregnancy during last sexual intercourse Arkansas United States
Total 20% 14%
Male 17% 12%
Female 23% 15%

Relationship violence among high school students who report dating in the past 12 months (grades 9-12), 2015 RH4

Percent of high school students who report they experienced physical dating violence, including being hit, slammed into something, or injured with an object or weapon on purpose by someone they were dating or going out with (during the 12 months before the survey) Arkansas United States
Total 15% 10%
Male 11% 7%
Female 18% 12%
Percent of high school students who report they experienced sexual dating violence, including kissing, touching, or being physically forced to have sexual intercourse (when they did not want to) by someone they were dating or going out with (during the 12 months before the survey) Arkansas United States
Total 12% 11%
Male 7% 5%
Female 16% 16%

Forced sex among high school students (grades 9-12), 2015 RH4

Percent of high school students who report they were ever physically forced to have sexual intercourse (when they did not want to) Arkansas United States
Total 12% 7%
Male 7% 3%
Female 16% 10%

DATA NOTES

All percentages (other than percent low birthweight births), have been rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; based on fewer than 20 births in the numerator.
N/A: data do not exist on this measure for this state.
1
Includes all births, including those with Hispanic origin not stated and not shown separately.
2
Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on birth certificates. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards.
3
Includes persons of Hispanic, non-Hispanic and origin not stated according to mother's reported race.
4
Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.

DATA SOURCES

RH1
Birth data are from: Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B.E., Osterman, M. J. K., Driscoll, A.K., and Mathews, T. J. (2017). Births: Final data for 2015. National Vital Statistics Reports, 66(1). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Retrieved January 6, 2017, from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr66/nvsr66_01.pdf
RH2
Pregnancy and abortion rate data are from: Kost, K. and Maddow-Zimet, I. (2016) U.S. Teenage Pregnancies, Births and Abortions, 2011: National Trends by Age, Race and Ethnicity, New York: Guttmacher Institute. July 10, 2016, from https://www.guttmacher.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/us-teen-pregnancy-trends-2011_0.pdf
RH3
State-level birth data by race/ethnicity and select age groups are from: United States Department of Health and Human Services (US DHHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Division of Vital Statistics, Natality public-use data 2007-2015, on CDC WONDER Online Database. Retrieved January 6, 2017, from https://wonder.cdc.gov/natality-current.html
RH4
High school data are from: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). 1991-2015 High School Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System Data. Retrieved July 22, 2016, from http://nccd.cdc.gov/YouthOnline/App/Default.aspx

 

Content created by Office of Adolescent Health
Content last reviewed on May 30, 2017