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The National Vaccine Program Office (NVPO) is responsible for coordinating and ensuring collaboration among the many Federal agencies involved in vaccine and immunization activities. The NVPO provides leadership and coordination among Federal agencies, as they work together to carry out the goals of the National Vaccine Plan. The National Vaccine Plan provides a framework, including goals, objectives, and strategies, for pursuing the prevention of infectious diseases through immunizations.

NVPO Functions

  • Coordinate and integrate activities of all Federal agencies involved in immunization efforts. These responsibilities are stated in Section 2102 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S. Code 300aa-2), which establishes the National Vaccine Program. Activities include coordination of:
    • Vaccine research
    • Vaccine development
    • Safety and efficacy testing of vaccines
    • Licensing of vaccine manufacturers
    • Production and procurement of vaccines
    • Distribution and use of vaccines
    • Evaluating the need for and effectiveness of and adverse events related to vaccines and immunization activities
    • Governmental and non-governmental activities
    • Funding of federal agencies
  • Ensure collaborative Federal immunization activities are carried out in an efficient, consistent, and timely manner.
  • Develop and implement strategies for achieving the highest possible level of prevention of human diseases through immunization and the highest possible level of prevention of adverse reactions to vaccines.
  • Support the National Vaccine Advisory Committee and its related activities.
  • Identify and bridge gaps in Federal planning of vaccine and immunization activities.