5 Years Later: How the Affordable Care Act is Working for District of Columbia
The Affordable Care Act is working to make health care more affordable, accessible, and high quality for the people of District of Columbia.
Making health care more affordable and accessible through the Health Insurance Marketplaces: Through the Marketplace, Washingtonians had the option of signing up for quality health coverage at a price they could afford. Whether they visited the simpler, faster and more intuitive website at HealthCare.gov or contacted the call center, they found more choices and competitive prices.
In District of Columbia, 18,465 consumers selected or were automatically re-enrolled in quality, affordable health insurance coverage through the Marketplace as of Feb. 22. Nationwide, nearly 11.7 million consumers selected a plan or were automatically enrolled in Marketplace coverage.
Marketplace Signups and Tax Credits in District of Columbia:
- 11 percent of District of Columbia consumers who were signed up qualified for a tax credit through the Marketplace.
- 9,399 consumers in District of Columbia under the age of 35 are signed up for Marketplace coverage (51 percent of plan selections in the state). And 7,958 consumers 18 to 34 years of age (43 percent of all plan selections) are signed up for Marketplace coverage.
District of Columbia has received $195,141,151 in grants for research, planning, information technology development, and implementation of its Marketplace.
Open enrollment for 2015 coverage ended on Feb. 15, 2015. Open enrollment for 2016 coverage runs from November 1, 2015 to January 31, 2016. Consumers should visit HealthCare.gov to see if they qualify for a Special Enrollment Period because of a life change like marriage, having a baby or losing other coverage. Enrollment in Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program is open year round.
Reducing the number of uninsured Americans: Nationwide, since the Affordable Care Act’s coverage expansion began, about 16.4 million uninsured people have gained health insurance coverage - the largest reduction in the uninsured in four decades.
New coverage options for young adults: Under the health care law, if your plan covers children, you can now add or keep your children on your health insurance policy until they turn 26 years old. Thanks to this provision, over 2.3 million young people who would otherwise have been uninsured have gained coverage nationwide.
Expanding Medicaid: Thanks to the Affordable Care Act, states have new opportunities to expand Medicaid coverage to individuals with family incomes at or below 133 percent of the federal poverty level (generally $32,253 for a family of four in 2015). This expansion includes non-elderly adults without dependent children, who have not previously been eligible for Medicaid in most states.
Thirty states plus DC have expanded Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act, including District of Columbia. And as of January 2015, 20,597 Washingtonians have gained Medicaid or CHIP coverage since the beginning of the Health Insurance Marketplace first open enrollment period. Across the nation, approximately 11.2 million more Americans are now enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP.
Providing better value for your premium dollar through the 80/20 Rule: Health insurance companies now have to spend at least 80 cents of your premium dollar on health care or improvements to care, rather than administrative costs like salaries or marketing, or they have to provide you a refund. This means that 164,503 Washingtonians with private insurance coverage benefited from $11,411,222 in refunds from insurance companies, for an average refund of $149 per family because of the Affordable Care Act.
Scrutinizing unreasonable premium increases: In every State and for the first time under Federal law, insurance companies are required to publicly justify their actions if they want to raise rates by 10 percent or more. District of Columbia has received $4,803,324 under the new law to help fight unreasonable premium increases. Since implementing the law, the fraction of requests for insurance premium increases of 10 percent or more has dropped dramatically, from 75 percent to 14 percent nationally. To date, the rate review program has helped save Americans an estimated $1 billion.
Removing lifetime limits on health benefits: The law bans insurance companies from imposing lifetime dollar limits on health benefits – freeing cancer patients and individuals suffering from other chronic diseases from having to worry about going without treatment because of their lifetime limits. Already, 208,000 people in District of Columbia, including 91,000 women and 34,000 children, are free from worrying about lifetime limits on coverage. The law also restricts the use of annual limits and bans them completely starting in 2014.
Ending discrimination for pre-existing conditions: As many as 268,134 non-elderly Washingtonians have some type of pre-existing health condition, including 26,860 children. Today, health insurers can no longer deny coverage to anyone because of a pre-existing condition, like asthma or diabetes, under the health care law. And they can no longer charge women more because of their gender.
Expanding mental health and substance use disorder benefits: The Affordable Care Act increases also access to comprehensive coverage by requiring most health plans to cover ten essential health benefit categories, to include hospitalization, prescription drugs, maternity and newborn care, and mental health and substance use disorder services. The health care law expands mental health and substance use disorder benefits and federal parity protections for 62 million Americans nationwide, including 84,769 Washingtonians.
Covering preventive services with no deductible or co-pay: The health care law requires many insurance plans to provide coverage without cost sharing to enrollees for a variety of preventive health services, such as colonoscopy screening for colon cancer, Pap smears and mammograms for women, well-child visits, and flu shots for all children and adults.
Because of the Affordable Care Act, 76 million Americans with private health insurance gained preventive service coverage with no cost-sharing, including 152,000 in District of Columbia. And women can now get coverage without cost-sharing of even more preventive services they need. Of the 76 million Americans with expanded access to free preventive services, 29.7 million are women, including 68,000 in District of Columbia receiving expanded preventive services without cost-sharing.
Investing in the primary care workforce: As a result of historic investments through the health care law and the Recovery Act, the numbers of clinicians in the National Health Service Corps are near all-time highs with 9,200 Corps clinicians providing care to approximately 9.7 million people who live in rural, urban, and frontier communities. The National Health Service Corps repays educational loans and provides scholarships to primary care physicians, dentists, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, behavioral health providers, and other primary care providers who practice in areas of the country that have too few health care professionals to serve the people who live there. As of September 30, 2014, there were 124 Corps clinicians providing primary care services in District of Columbia, compared to 65 in 2008.
Increasing support for community health centers: The Affordable Care Act increases the funding available to community health centers nationwide. Health Center grantees in District of Columbia have received $36,273,479 under the health care law to offer a broader array of primary care services, extend their hours of operations, hire more providers, and renovate or build new clinical spaces.
Of the $36,273,479 awarded to District of Columbia, $758,708 was awarded to District of Columbia health centers to help enroll uninsured Americans in the Health Insurance Marketplace. Overall, since 2013, District of Columbia health centers used these funds to help more than 21,709 District of Columbia residents with enrollment into affordable health insurance coverage, with 3,006 of those being assisted between October and December 2014. These investments ensure that health centers continue to be a trusted resource for assistance with enrollment in the Marketplace, Medicaid and CHIP in District of Columbia.
In District of Columbia, 6 health centers operate 46 sites, providing preventive and primary health care services to 150,671 Washingtonians, including 44,323 Latinos and 87,979 African Americans.
Preventing illness and promoting health: Through Fiscal Year 2013, District of Columbia has received $48,542,794 in grants from the Prevention and Public Health Fund created by the health care law. This fund was created to support effective policies in District of Columbia and nationwide, such as initiatives focused on tobacco cessation, obesity prevention, health coverage enrollment assistance, and increasing the primary care and public health workforce, so that all Americans can lead longer, more productive lives.
A Stronger Medicare Program
Making prescription drugs affordable for seniors: In District of Columbia, people with Medicare have saved nearly $9,765,032 on prescription drugs because of the Affordable Care Act. In 2014 alone, 3,217 individuals in District of Columbia saved over $3,101,118, or an average of $964 per beneficiary. In 2015, people with Medicare in the “donut hole” received a 55 percent discount on covered brand name drugs and a 35 percent discount on generic drugs. And thanks to the health care law, coverage for both brand name and generic drugs will continue to increase over time until the coverage gap is closed. Nationally, over 9.4 million people with Medicare have saved over $15 billion on prescription drugs since the law’s enactment, for an average savings of $1,598 per beneficiary.
Covering preventive services with no deductible or co-pay : With no deductibles or co-pays, cost is no longer a barrier for seniors and people with disabilities who want to stay healthy by detecting and treating health problems early. In 2014 alone, an estimated 39 million people benefited from Medicare’s coverage of preventive services with no cost-sharing. In District of Columbia, 49,624 individuals with Medicare used one or more free preventive service in 2014.
Cracking down on fraud and abuse: The health care law helps stop fraud with tougher screening procedures, stronger penalties, and new technology. More than $27.8 billion has been returned to the Medicare Trust Funds since 1997 because of these fraud enforcement efforts. For every dollar spent on health care-related fraud and abuse activities in the last three years the administration has recovered $7.70.