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6 Years Later: How the Affordable Care Act is Working for Ohio

The Affordable Care Act is working to make health care more affordable, accessible, and high quality for the people of Ohio

Improving Access and Affordability

Making health care more affordable and accessible through the Health Insurance Marketplaces: Through the Marketplace, Ohioans had the option of signing up for quality health coverage at a price they could afford. Whether they visited the simpler, faster and more intuitive website at HealthCare.gov or contacted the call center, they found more choices and competitive prices.

In Ohio, 243,715 consumers selected or were automatically re-enrolled in quality, affordable health insurance coverage for 2016.  Nationwide, nearly 12.7 million consumers selected a plan or were automatically enrolled in Marketplace coverage.

Marketplace Signups and Tax Credits in Ohio:

  • 80 percent of Ohio consumers who were signed up qualified for an average tax credit of $240 per month through the Marketplace.
  • 61 percent of Ohio Marketplace enrollees could obtain coverage for $100 or less after tax credits in 2016, and 60 percent may have the option of doing so in 2017.

Reducing the number of uninsured Americans: Nationwide, since the Affordable Care Act’s coverage expansion began, about 20 million uninsured people have gained health insurance coverage - the largest reduction in the uninsured in four decades. And recent Census data shows that the uninsured rate in Ohio in 2015 was 6.5 percent, down from 12.3 percent in 2010.

New coverage options for young adults: Under the health care law, if your plan covers children, you can now add or keep your children on your health insurance policy until they turn 26 years old. From the time the Affordable Care Act’s dependent coverage provision took effect in 2010 through 2015, the uninsured rate among individuals ages 18 to 25 fell by 16.4 percentage points, a 52 percent decline.

Expanding Medicaid:  Thanks to the Affordable Care Act, states have new opportunities to expand Medicaid coverage to individuals with family incomes at or below 133 percent of the federal poverty level (generally $32,319 for a family of four in 2016). This expansion includes non-elderly adults without dependent children, who have not previously been eligible for Medicaid in most states.

Thirty one states plus DC have expanded Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act, including Ohio.  And as of August 2016, 661,689 Ohioans have gained Medicaid or CHIP coverage since the beginning of the Health Insurance Marketplace first open enrollment period. Across the nation, over 15 million more Americans are now enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP. 

Better Value

Scrutinizing unreasonable premium increases: In every State and for the first time under Federal law, insurance companies are required to publicly justify their actions if they want to raise rates by 10 percent or more. Ohio has received $5,091,507 under the new law to help fight unreasonable premium increases. To date, the rate review program has helped save Americans an estimated $1.1 billion in the individual market and $418 million in the small group market.

Removing lifetime limits on health benefits: The law bans insurance companies from imposing lifetime dollar limits on health benefits – freeing cancer patients and individuals suffering from other chronic diseases from having to worry about going without treatment because of their lifetime limits. Already, 4,154,000 people in Ohio, including 1,542,000 women and 1,100,000 children, are free from worrying about lifetime limits on coverage. The law also restricts the use of annual limits and bans them completely starting in 2014.

Keeping Cost Down for Employer Coverage: The average premium for families with employer-sponsored health plans grew just 3.4 percent in 2016, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation and Health Research and Educational Trust survey, extending a period of unusually slow growth since 2010. The White House Council of Economic Advisers calculates that the average family premium in Ohio was $2,300 lower in 2016 than if premiums had grown at the same rate as the pre-ACA decade.

Covering preventive services with no deductible or co-pay: The health care law requires many insurance plans to provide coverage without cost sharing to enrollees for a variety of preventive health services, such as colonoscopy screening for colon cancer, Pap smears and mammograms for women, well-child visits, and flu shots for all children and adults.

Expanding mental health and substance use disorder benefits: The Affordable Care Act increases also access to comprehensive coverage by requiring most health plans to cover ten essential health benefit categories, to include hospitalization, prescription drugs, maternity and newborn care, and mental health and substance use disorder services.  The health care law expands mental health and substance use disorder benefits and federal parity protections for 170 million Americans nationwide.

Because of the Affordable Care Act, 76 million Americans with private health insurance gained preventive service coverage with no cost-sharing, including 2,814,000 in Ohio. And women can now get coverage without cost-sharing of even more preventive services they need. Of the 76 million Americans with expanded access to free preventive services, 29.7 million are women, including 1,079,000 in Ohio receiving expanded preventive services without cost-sharing.

Investing in Providers

Investing in the primary care workforce: As a result of historic investments through the health care law, Recovery Act and the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA), the number of clinicians in the National Health Service Corps (NHSC) are near all-time highs with 10,400 NHSC and 2,000 NURSE Corps clinicians providing care to 11 million people who live in rural, urban, and frontier communities.  The National Health Service Corps repays educational loans and provides scholarships to primary care physicians, dentists, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, behavioral health providers, and other primary care providers who practice in areas of the country that have too few health care professionals to serve the people who live there.  As of September 30, 2015, there were 159 Corps clinicians providing primary care services in Ohio, compared to 69 in 2008.

Increasing support for community health centers: The Affordable Care Act increases the funding available to community health centers nationwide. Health Center grantees in Ohio have received $292,244,725 under the health care law to offer a broader array of primary care services, extend their hours of operations, hire more providers, and renovate or build new clinical spaces.  

To help improve access to coverage, $16,645,461 was awarded to Ohio health centers to help enroll uninsured Americans in the Health Insurance Marketplace. Overall, since 2013, Ohio health centers used these funds to help more than 355,635 Ohio residents with enrollment into affordable health insurance coverage. These investments ensure that health centers continue to be a trusted resource for assistance with enrollment in the Marketplace, Medicaid and CHIP in Ohio.

In Ohio, 45 health centers operate 258 sites, providing preventive and primary health care services to 623,026 Ohioans, including 48,741 Latinos and 175,060 non-Hispanic African Americans.

A Stronger Medicare Program

Safety: Hospital readmission rates have fallen sharply as new incentives put in place by the ACA took effect. Data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services show that hospital readmissions dropped by 10.60 percent for Ohio Medicare beneficiaries since 2010. That means that Ohio Medicare beneficiaries avoided 5,405 readmissions in 2015, compared to if readmissions had stayed constant at 2010 rates.  

Making prescription drugs affordable for seniors: In Ohio people with Medicare have saved nearly $1,146,475,684 on prescription drugs because of the Affordable Care Act. In 2016, 99,737 Medicare beneficiaries benefitted from donut hole savings and saw average discount of $978. And thanks to the health care law, coverage for both brand name and generic drugs will continue to increase over time until the coverage gap is closed.  Nationally, over 2.3 million people with Medicare have saved over $23.5 billion on prescription drugs since the law’s enactment, for an average savings of $1,025 per beneficiary.

Covering preventive services with no deductible or co-pay : With no deductibles or co-pays, cost is no longer a barrier for seniors and people with disabilities who want to stay healthy by detecting and treating health problems early. In 2016 alone, an estimated 19.6 million people benefited from Medicare’s coverage of preventive services with no cost-sharing.  In Ohio, 668,012 individuals with Medicare used one or more free preventive service in 2016.

Cracking down on fraud and abuse: The health care law helps stop fraud with tougher screening procedures, stronger penalties, and new technology. More than $29.4 billion has been returned to the Medicare Trust Funds since 1997 because of HHS and DOJ’s fraud enforcement efforts. For every dollar spent on health care-related fraud and abuse control activities in the last three years (2013-2015) the administration has recovered $6.10.

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Content created by Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs (ASPA)
Content last reviewed on November 18, 2016
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