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Medicare Appeals Procedures

If an ALJ issued a dismissal order after a Qualified Independent Contractor (QIC), Independent Review Entity (IRE), or Quality Improvement Organization (QIO) made a reconsideration determination, these procedures apply to your appeal:

If you do not agree with the Administrative Law Judge’s (ALJ’s) dismissal, you may appeal to the Medicare Appeals Council (MAC). Other parties may appeal too. We call an appeal to the (MAC) a “request for review.” The Medicare agency may also ask the MAC to review the ALJ’s dismissal.

If the MAC does not review the ALJ’s dismissal on the appeal of a party or at the request of the Medicare agency, the QIC, or QIO reconsideration determination is binding.

You may appoint an attorney or other person to represent you. Legal aid groups may provide legal services at no charge.

What to Include in Your Appeal
Your appeal must identify the parts of the ALJ’s dismissal with which you disagree, and explain why you disagree. For example, if you believe that the ALJ’s dismissal is inconsistent with a statute, regulation, Medicare agency ruling, or other authority, you should explain why the dismissal is inconsistent with that authority.

You should use form DAB-101 to appeal.  You may also appeal in writing if you provide:

  • the beneficiary's name;
  • the beneficiary's health insurance claim number;
  • the item or service in dispute;
  • the date of the item or service;
  • the date of the ALJ’s dismissal; and
  • your name and signature, and, if applicable, the name and signature of your representative.

Please send a copy of the dismissal with your appeal.

How to File an Appeal
Your appeal must be filed, i.e. received by the MAC, within 60 days after you receive the ALJ’s dismissal order. The MAC will assume that you received the dismissal order five days after the date shown on it, unless you show that you received it later. If you file the appeal late, you must show that you had good cause. 

Mail the appeal to:

Department of Health and Human Services
Departmental Appeals Board, MS 6127
Medicare Appeals Council
330 Independence Ave., S.W.
Cohen Building, Room G-644
Washington, D.C.  20201

Or you may fax the appeal to (202) 565-0227. If you send a fax, please do not also mail a copy.  You must send a copy of your appeal to the other parties and indicate that all parties, to include all beneficiaries, have been copied on the request for review. For claims involving multiple beneficiaries, you may submit a copy of the cover letters issued or a spreadsheet of the beneficiaries and addresses who received a copy of the request for review.

The Medicare regulations at 42 C.F.R. Part 405, Subpart I, apply to this case. Medicare agency rulings may also apply. If you have questions about the MAC, you may call (202) 565-0100.

Medicare Appeals Council Action
The MAC may deny, dismiss or grant your appeal. If the Council grants your appeal, it may send the case back to an ALJ for further action. It may also issue a decision in your case. The MAC will limit its review to the issues raised in the appeal, unless the appeal is filed by an unrepresented beneficiary.