Evidence-Based Programs

In 2012, more than 800 babies were born each day to teen girls between the ages of 15 and 19.1 Compared with their peers who delay childbearing, teen girls who have babies are:

  • Less likely to finish high school;
  • More likely to rely on public assistance;
  • More likely to be poor as adults; and
  • More likely to have children who have poorer educational, behavioral, and health outcomes over the course of their lives than do kids born to older parents.2

The good news is that teen birth rates in the United States have declined almost continuously since the early 1990s.1 Despite this decline, the U.S. teen birth rate is still higher than that of many other developed countries and disparities persist.3

One cost-effective approach communities use to help reduce teen pregnancies is implementing evidence-based programs in schools, clinics and other community settings. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) conducts the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Evidence Review which uses a systematic process for reviewing research studies against a rigorous standard in order to identify programs shown effective at preventing teen pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections, or sexual risk behaviors. Read more about the evidence review process, procedures, and findings.

Since 2010, the Office of Adolescent Health (OAH) has funded the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program to support replication of evidence-based programs that were included on the HHS Teen Pregnancy Prevention Evidence Review at the time the grant was funded. Organizations requesting grant funding selected the programs most appropriate for use in their community.

Read more about each of the evidence-based programs, its content, and implementation requirements below or visit the searchable database of evidence-based program models. You can use this database to find programs that were developed and shown effective for certain target populations, settings, ages, and more.

EVIDENCE-BASED PROGRAMS MODELS

Click program title for more information

Program NameEvaluation Setting
Aban Aya Youth ProjectMiddle school
Adult Identity Mentoring (Project AIM)Middle school
All4You!High school, Specialized setting
Assisting in Rehabilitating Kids (ARK)Specialized setting
Be Proud! Be Responsible!After school program or community-based organization
Be Proud! Be Responsible! Be Protective!Middle school, High school
Becoming a Responsible Teen (BART)After school program or community-based organization
Children's Aid Society (CAS) -- Carrera ProgramsAfter school program or community-based organization
¡Cuídate!After school program or community-based organization
Draw the Line/Respect the LineMiddle school
Families Talking Together (FTT)Clinic-based
FOCUSSpecialized setting
Health Improvement Projects for Teens (HIP Teens)After school program or community-based organization
Heritage Keepers Abstinence EducationMiddle school
HORIZONSHealth clinic
It's Your Game: Keep it Real (IYG)Middle school
Making a Difference!After school program or community-based organization
Making Proud Choices!After school program or community-based organization
Project IMAGEHealth Clinic
Project TALCAfter school program or community-based organization
Promoting Health Among Teens! Abstinence-Only InterventionAfter school program or community-based organization
Promoting Health Among Teens! Comprehensive Abstinence and Safer Sex InterventionAfter school program or community-based organization
Raising Healthy Children (formerly known as the Seattle Social Development Project)Elementary school
Reducing the RiskHigh school
Respeto/ProtegerAfter school program or community-based organization
Rikers Health Advocacy Program (RHAP)Specialized setting
Safer ChoicesHigh school
Safer SexHealth clinic
SiHLEHealth clinic
Sexual Health and Adolescent Risk Prevention (SHARP) (formerly known as HIV Risk Reduction Among Detained Adolescents)Specialized setting
Sisters Saving SistersHealth clinic
STRIVEAfter school program or community-based organization
Teen Health ProjectAfter school program or community-based organization
Teen Outreach Program (TOP)High school
17 Days (formerly What Could You Do?)Health clinic

1  Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B. E., Osterman, M. J. K., Curtin, S. C., & Mathews, T. J. (2013). Births: Final data for 2012 Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics Retrieved January 8, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr62/nvsr62_09.pdf

2  Hoffman, S. D., & Maynard, R. A. (Eds.). (2008). Kids having kids: economic costs and social consequences of teen pregnancy (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.

3  United Nations Statistics Division. (2011). Demographic Yearbook 2009-2010: Live births by age of mother. New York, NY: United Nations. Retrieved May 12, 2014, from http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2009-2010.htm

Last updated: August 12, 2014