United States Adolescent Reproductive Health Facts

Final data for 2011 indicate that the birth rate for adolescents aged 15-19 fell 8 percent between 2010 and 2011. The 2011 teen birth rate is the lowest recorded in more than seven decades. RH1

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Of all births in the U.S., percent to females under 20 years of age, 2010 and 2011 RH1, RH2
Total20102011
Females under 20 years of age9%8%
 
Number of births to females under 20 years of age, 2010 and 2011 RH1, RH2
Total120102011
Females under 20 years of age372,175333,746
Females aged20102011
Under 154,4973,974
15-17109,17395,538
18-19258,505234,234
15-19367,678329,772
Mother's race/ethnicity20102011
Non-Hispanic white145,070130,198
Non-Hispanic black89,90279,936
American Indian or Alaska Native2,37,5086,897
Asian or Pacific Islander2,36,3115,773
Hispanic4123,609111,236

1 Includes all births, including those with Hispanic origin not stated and not shown separately.

2 Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on birth certificates. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards.

3 Includes persons of Hispanic origin according to mother’s reported race.

4 Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.

Teen birth rate (births per 1,000 females aged 15–19), 2010 and 2011 RH1, RH2
Total20102011
Females aged 15-1934.231.3
Females aged20102011
15-1717.315.4
18-1958.254.1
Mother's race/ethnicity20102011
Non-Hispanic white23.521.7
Non-Hispanic black51.547.3
American Indian or Alaska Native2,338.736.1
Asian or Pacific Islander2,310.910.2
Hispanic455.749.6

1 Includes all births, including those with Hispanic origin not stated and not shown separately.

2 Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on birth certificates. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards.

3 Includes persons of Hispanic origin according to mother’s reported race.

4 Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.

Percent change in the teen birth rate, 1991-2011 and 2010-2011 RH1, RH2, RH3
Total
Change in rate to females aged 15-19 (1991 to 2011)-49%
Change in rate to females aged 15-19 (2010 to 2011)-8%

The U.S. teen birth rate peaked at 61.8 births per 1,000 teen females aged 15-19 in 1991.

Percent repeat births, of all births to females under 20 years of age, 2010 and 2011 RH1, RH2
Total120102011
Females under 20 years of age18%18%
Mother's race/ethnicity20102011
Non-Hispanic white15%14%
Non-Hispanic black20%20%
American Indian or Alaska Native2,321%19%
Asian or Pacific Islander2,317%17%
Hispanic421%20%

1 Includes all births, including those with Hispanic origin not stated and not shown separately.

2 Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on birth certificates. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards.

3 Includes persons of Hispanic origin according to mother’s reported race.

4 Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.

Percent low birthweight births, among females under 20 years of age, 2011 RH1
Total2011
Females under 20 years of age9.6%

Low birth weight is defined as less than 2,500 grams (about 5.5 pounds or 5 pounds and 8 ounces).

Teen pregnancy rate (pregnancies per 1,000 females aged 15-19), 2008 RH4
Total2008
Females aged 15-1967.8
Females aged2008
15-1736.8
18-19113.2
Percent change in the teen pregnancy rate, 1990-2008 RH4
Total
Change in rate to females aged 15-19 (1990 to 2008)-42%

The teen pregnancy rate peaked at 116.9 in 1990.

Teen abortion rate (abortions per 1,000 females aged 15-19), 2008 RH4
Total2008
Females aged 15-1917.8
Females aged2008
15-1710.4
18-1928.6
 
Percent change in the teen abortion rate, 1988-2008 RH4
Total
Change in rate to females aged 15-19 (1988 to 2008)-58%

The teen abortion rate peaked at 43.5 in 1988.

Sexual behaviors among high school students (grades 9-12), 2009 and 2011 RH5
Percent of high school students who have ever had sexual intercourse20092011
Total46%47%
Male46%49%
Female46%46%
Percent of high school students who had sexual intercourse for the first time before 13 years of age20092011
Total6%6%
Male8%9%
Female3%3%
Percent of high school students who have had sexual intercourse with 4 or more persons20092011
Total14%15%
Male16%18%
Female11%13%
Percent of high school students who drank alcohol or used drugs before last sexual intercourse20092011
Total22%22%
Male26%26%
Female17%18%
 
HIV/AIDS education among high school students (grades 9-12), 2009 and 2011 RH5
Percent of high school students who were ever taught in school about AIDS or HIV infection20092011
Total87%84%
Male86%84%
Female88%84%
 
Birth control use among sexually active high school students (grades 9-12), 2009 and 2011 RH5
Percent of high school students who used a condom during last sexual intercourse20092011
Total61%60%
Male69%67%
Female54%54%
Percent of high school students who used birth control pills before last sexual intercourse20092011
Total20%18%
Male17%13%
Female23%23%
Used Depo-Provera (or any injectable birth control), Nuva Ring (or any birth control ring), Implanon (or any implant), or any IUD before last sexual intercourse20092011
Total3%5%
Male2%3%
Female4%7%
Used both a condom during last sexual intercourse and Depo-Provera (or any injectable birth control), Nuva Ring (or any birth control ring), Implanon (or any implant), or any IUD before last sexual intercourse20092011
Total9%9%
Male8%7%
Female10%12%
Percent of high school students who did not use any method to prevent pregnancy during last sexual intercourse20092011
Total12%13%
Male10%11%
Female14%15%
 
Relationship violence and forced sex among high school students (grades 9-12), 2009 and 2011 RH5
Percent of high school students who have been hit, slapped, or physically hurt on purpose by their boyfriend or girlfriend (during the 12 months before the survey)20092011
Total10%9%
Male10%9%
Female9%9%
Percent of high school students who were ever physically forced to have sexual intercourse (when they did not want to)20092011
Total7%8%
Male5%4%
Female10%12%
 

DATA NOTES

 
All percentages (other than percent low birthweight births), have been rounded to the nearest whole number.
1
Includes all births, including those with Hispanic origin not stated and not shown separately.
2
Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on birth certificates. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards.
3
Includes persons of Hispanic origin according to mother’s reported race.
4
Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.

DATA SOURCES

RH1
2011 Birth and birth rate data are from: Hamilton, B. E., Martin, J. A., Ventura, S. J. (2013). Births: Final data for 2011. National vital statistics reports 61(5). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Retrieved July 2, 2013, from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr62/nvsr62_01.pdf
RH2
2010 Birth and birth rate data are from: Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B. E., Ventura, S. J., Osterman, M. J. K., Wilson, E.C., and Mathews, T. J. (2012). Births: Final data for 2010. National vital statistics reports 61(1). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_01.pdf
RH3
1991 Birth rate data are from: Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B. E., Ventura, S. J., Osterman, M. J. K., Kirmeyer, S., Mathews, T. J., Wilson, E. (2011). Births: Final data for 2009. Table B. National vital statistics reports 60(1). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr60/nvsr60_01.pdf
RH4
Pregnancy and abortion rate data are from: Kost, K. and Henshaw, S. (2013) U.S. Teenage Pregnancies, Births and Abortions, 2008: State Trends by Age, Race and Ethnicity, New York: Guttmacher Institute. Retrieved August 7, 2013, from http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/USTPtrendsState08.pdf
RH5
High school data are from: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). 1991-2011 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline
Last updated: November 13, 2014