Rhode Island Adolescent Reproductive Health Facts

Rhode Island was ranked 43 out of 51 (50 states + the District of Columbia) on 2011 final teen births rates among females aged 15-19 (with 1 representing the highest rate and 51 representing the lowest rate).RH1 On a similar scale – where 1 is the highest teen pregnancy rate and 51 is the lowest – Rhode Island was ranked 39 out of 51 (50 states + the District of Columbia) in pregnancies to females aged 15- 19 in 2008.RH2

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 Number of births to females under 20 years of age, 2011 RH3
Total1Rhode IslandUnited States
Females under 20 years of age837333,746
Females agedRhode IslandUnited States
Under 15*3,974
15-1725195,538
18-19580234,234
15-19831329,772
Mother's race/ethnicityRhode IslandUnited States
Non-Hispanic white322130,198
Non-Hispanic black10579,936
American Indian or Alaska Native2,3286,897
Asian or Pacific Islander2,3375,773
Hispanic4358111,236

1 Includes all births, including those with Hispanic origin not stated and not shown separately.

2 Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on birth certificates. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards.

3 Includes persons of Hispanic origin according to mother’s reported race.

4 Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.

 Teen birth rate (births per 1,000 females aged 15–19), 2011 RH1
TotalRhode IslandUnited States
Females aged 15-1921.331.3
Females agedRhode IslandUnited States
15-1712.615.4
18-1930.454.1

 Percent change in the teen birth rate, 1991-2011 and 2010-2011 RH1, RH3, RH4
TotalRhode IslandUnited States
Change in rate to females aged 15-19 (1991 to 2011)-52%-49%
Change in rate to females aged 15-19 (2010 to 2011)**-8%

The U.S. teen birth rate peaked at 61.8 births per 1,000 teen females aged 15-19 in 1991.

 Of all births to females under 20 years of age, percent by race/ethnicity, 2011 RH1
Mother's race/ethnicity1Rhode IslandUnited States
Non-Hispanic white38%39%
Non-Hispanic black13%24%
American Indian or Alaska Native2,33%2%
Asian or Pacific Islander2,34%2%
Hispanic443%33%

1 Includes all births, including those with Hispanic origin not stated and not shown separately.

2 Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on birth certificates. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards.

3 Includes persons of Hispanic origin according to mother’s reported race.

4 Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.

 Percent repeat births, of all births to females under 20 years of age, 2011 RH1
Total1Rhode IslandUnited States
Females under 20 years of age15%18%
Mother's race/ethnicityRhode IslandUnited States
Non-Hispanic white9%14%
Non-Hispanic black*20%
American Indian or Alaska Native2,3*19%
Asian or Pacific Islander2,3*17%
Hispanic418%20%

1 Includes all births, including those with Hispanic origin not stated and not shown separately.

2 Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on birth certificates. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards.

3 Includes persons of Hispanic origin according to mother’s reported race.

4 Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.

 Of all births to females under 20 years of age, percent outside of marriage (nonmarital), 2011 RH1
TotalRhode IslandUnited States
Females under 20 years of age96%89%
Females agedRhode IslandUnited States
Under 15*99%
15-1798%95%
18-1996%86%
15-1996%88%

 Percent low birthweight births, among females under 20 years of age, 2011 RH1
TotalRhode IslandUnited States
Females under 20 years of age9.6%9.6%

Low birth weight is defined as less than 2,500 grams (about 5.5 pounds or 5 pounds and 8 ounces).

 Teen pregnancy rate (pregnancies per 1,000 females aged 15-19), 2008 RH2
TotalRhode IslandUnited States
Females aged 15-195368
Females agedRhode IslandUnited States
15-173237
18-1977113

 Percent change in the teen pregnancy rate, 1988-2008 RH2
TotalRhode IslandUnited States
Change in rate to females aged 15-19 (1988 to 2008)-38%-39%

The teen pregnancy rate was 86 pregnancies per 1,000 females aged 15-19 in Rhode Island in 1988, and 111 in the U.S. The U.S. teen pregnancy rate peaked in 1990 at 116.9 pregnancies per 1,000 females aged 15-19, but state data are not available for that year.

 Teen abortion rate (abortions per 1,000 females aged 15-19), 2008 RH2
TotalRhode IslandUnited States
Females aged 15-191818
Females agedRhode IslandUnited States
15-171010
18-192729

 Percent change in the teen abortion rate, 1988-2008 RH2
TotalRhode IslandUnited States
Change in rate to females aged 15-19 (1988 to 2008)-50%-58%

The U.S. teen abortion rate peaked at 43.5 abortions per 1,000 females aged 15-19 in 1988. The teen abortion rate for Rhode Island was 36 abortions per 1,000 females aged 15-19 in 1988.

 Sexual behaviors among high school students (grades 9-12), 2011 RH5
Percent of high school students who have ever had sexual intercourseRhode IslandUnited States
Total42%47%
Male45%49%
Female38%46%
Percent of high school students who had sexual intercourse for the first time before 13 years of ageRhode IslandUnited States
Total5%6%
Male8%9%
Female2%3%
Percent of high school students who have had sexual intercourse with 4 or more personsRhode IslandUnited States
Total10%15%
Male14%18%
Female7%13%
Percent of high school students who drank alcohol or used drugs before last sexual intercourseRhode IslandUnited States
Total21%22%
Male26%26%
Female15%18%

 HIV/AIDS education among high school students (grades 9-12), 2011 RH5
Percent of high school students who were ever taught in school about AIDS or HIV infectionRhode IslandUnited States
Total83%84%
Male83%84%
Female83%84%

 Birth control use among sexually active high school students (grades 9-12), 2011 RH5
Percent of high school students who used a condom during last sexual intercourseRhode IslandUnited States
Total59%60%
Male64%67%
Female55%54%
Percent of high school students who used birth control pills before last sexual intercourseRhode IslandUnited States
Total26%18%
Male23%13%
Female29%23%
Used Depo-Provera (or any injectable birth control), Nuva Ring (or any birth control ring), Implanon (or any implant), or any IUD before last sexual intercourseRhode IslandUnited States
Total4%5%
Male3%3%
Female5%7%
Used both a condom during last sexual intercourse and Depo-Provera (or any injectable birth control), Nuva Ring (or any birth control ring), Implanon (or any implant), or any IUD before last sexual intercourseRhode IslandUnited States
Total12%9%
Male10%7%
Female14%12%
Percent of high school students who did not use any method to prevent pregnancy during last sexual intercourseRhode IslandUnited States
Total12%13%
Male11%11%
Female13%15%

 Relationship violence and forced sex among high school students (grades 9-12), 2011 RH5
Percent of high school students who have been hit, slapped, or physically hurt on purpose by their boyfriend or girlfriend (during the 12 months before the survey)Rhode IslandUnited States
Total8%9%
Male9%9%
Female8%9%
Percent of high school students who were ever physically forced to have sexual intercourse (when they did not want to)Rhode IslandUnited States
Total7%8%
Male5%4%
Female8%12%

DATA NOTES

 
All percentages (other than percent low birthweight births), have been rounded to the nearest whole number.
*
Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; based on fewer than 20 births in the numerator.
**
Difference not statistically significant.
N/A
Data do not exist on this measure for this state.
1
Includes all births, including those with Hispanic origin not stated and not shown separately.
2
Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on birth certificates. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards.
3
Includes persons of Hispanic origin according to mother’s reported race.
4
Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.

DATA SOURCES

RH1
2011 Birth data are from: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013). National Vital Statistics System. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.
RH2
Pregnancy and abortion rate data are from: Kost, K. and Henshaw, S. (2013) U.S. Teenage Pregnancies, Births and Abortions, 2008: State Trends by Age, Race and Ethnicity, New York: Guttmacher Institute. Retrieved August 7, 2013, from http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/USTPtrendsState08.pdf
RH3
1991 Birth rate data are from: Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B. E., Ventura, S. J., Osterman, M. J. K., Kirmeyer, S., Mathews, T. J., Wilson, E. (2011). Births: Final data for 2009. Table B. National vital statistics reports 60(1). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Retrieved August 7, 2013, from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr60/nvsr60_01.pdf
RH4
2010 Birth rate data are from: Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B. E., Ventura, S. J., Osterman, M. J. K., Wilson, E.C., and Mathews, T. J. (2012). Births: Final data for 2010. National vital statistics reports 61(1). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Retrieved August 7, 2013, from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_01.pdf
RH5
High school data are from: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). 1991-2011 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Retrieved August 7, 2013, from http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline
Last updated: August 23, 2013