Positive Mental Health: Resilience

“Resilient” adolescents are those who have managed to cope effectively, even in the face of stress and other difficult circumstances, and are poised to enter adulthood with a good chance of positive mental health.[1],[2] A number of factors promote resilience in adolescents—among the most important are caring relationships with adults and an easy-going disposition.[3] Adolescents themselves can use a number of strategies, including exercising regularly, to reduce stress and promote resilience.[4] Schools and communities are also recognizing the importance of resilience and general “emotional intelligence” in adolescents’ lives—a growing number of courses and community programs focus on adolescents’ social-emotional learning and coping skills.[5],[6]


Learn more about the importance of resilience to an adolescent’s mental health:

[1]Zolkoski, S., & Bullock, L. (2012). Resilience in children and youth: A Review. Children and Youth Services Review, 34, 2295-2303. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from http://esd113.schoolwires.net/cms/lib3/WA01001093/Centricity/Domain/48/ResilienceResearchChildren.pdf.
[2]Steinberg, L. (2005). Adolescence. 7th ed. Boston, MA: McGraw Hill. 
[3]Carr, A. (Ed.). (2011). Positive Psychology: The science of happiness and human strengths (Second ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
[4]American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. (2013). Facts for families: Helping teenagers with stress. Retrieved February 16, 2016, from http://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families_and_Youth/Facts_for_Families/Facts_for_Families_Pages/Helping_Teenagers_With_Stress_66.aspx
[5]Snyder, F. J., Flay, B. R., Vucinich, S., Acock, A., Washburn, I. J., Beets, M. W., et al. (2010). Impact of a social-emotional and character development program on school-level indicators of academic achievement, absenteeism, and disciplinary outcomes: A matched-pair, cluster randomized, controlled trial. Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 3(1), 26-55
[6]Durlak, J. A., Dymnicki, A. B., Taylor, R. D., Weissberg, R. P., & Schellinger, K. B. (2011). The impact of enhancing students' social and emotional learning: A meta-analysis of school-based universal interventions. Child Development, 82(1), 405-432.
Last updated: September 23, 2016