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HHS Reference Tool for Contract Funding, Formation and Appropriations Law Compliance

Home

Overview

Regulations and
Guidance

Case Studies

Frequently Asked Questions

Disclaimer

HHS Reference Tool Content

I.Basic Appropriations Law Concepts
 A.Anti-Deficiency Act
 B.Bona FideNeeds Rule
 C.Appropriation Types
  1.Annual
  2.Multiple-Year
  3.No-Year
 D.Continuing Resolution
II.Decision Factors
 A.No-Year Appropriation
 B.Bona FideNeeds Rule
 C.Acquiring Severable Services
  1.Annual Appropriation
   a.Contract period not more than one year
   b.Contract period more than one year
    -Options
    -Incremental Funding
  2.Multiple-Year Appropriation
   a.Contract period will not extend beyond multiple-year appropriation's period of availability
   b.Contract period will extend beyond multiple-year appropriation's period of availability
    -Options
    -Incremental Funding
  3.Modifications
 D.Acquiring Non-severable Services
  1. Funded in Full
    a.Entire Contract/Single Requirement
    b.Fully Funded Initial Requirement (Followed by Options)
  2.Multi-year Contracting
  3.Options After Initial Requirement
    a.Severable Services
    -Annual Appropriation
    -Multiple-Year Appropriation
    b.Non-severable Services
    -Fully Funded
    -Multi-Year Contract
  4.Modifications
 E.Acquiring both severable and non-severable services
  1.Single Definitive Contract
  2.Indefinite-Delivery/Indefinite-Quantity Contract
III.Case Studies
IV.Frequently Asked Questions

Potential Appropriations Law Violation

Because you are using an annual appropriation to fund option(s) for severable services, each option cannot be funded for a period greater than one year. Funding an option period beyond one year is not permitted because the annual appropriation is no longer available for obligation.

REMINDER: FAR 32.703-3(b) permits a contract, option, or order for severable services to begin in one fiscal year and continue into the next, provided the period involved does not extend beyond one year. Funds available for a fiscal year (annual appropriation) may be used to fund the total amount of the contract action.

Consult the Office of the General Counsel.

Return to Decision Factors