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HHS Reference Tool for Contract Funding, Formation and Appropriations Law Compliance

Home

Overview

Regulations and
Guidance

Case Studies

Frequently Asked Questions

Disclaimer

HHS Reference Tool Content

I.Basic Appropriations Law Concepts
 A.Anti-Deficiency Act
 B.Bona FideNeeds Rule
 C.Appropriation Types
  1.Annual
  2.Multiple-Year
  3.No-Year
 D.Continuing Resolution
II.Decision Factors
 A.No-Year Appropriation
 B.Bona FideNeeds Rule
 C.Acquiring Severable Services
  1.Annual Appropriation
   a.Contract period not more than one year
   b.Contract period more than one year
    -Options
    -Incremental Funding
  2.Multiple-Year Appropriation
   a.Contract period will not extend beyond multiple-year appropriation's period of availability
   b.Contract period will extend beyond multiple-year appropriation's period of availability
    -Options
    -Incremental Funding
  3.Modifications
 D.Acquiring Non-severable Services
  1. Funded in Full
    a.Entire Contract/Single Requirement
    b.Fully Funded Initial Requirement (Followed by Options)
  2.Multi-year Contracting
  3.Options After Initial Requirement
    a.Severable Services
    -Annual Appropriation
    -Multiple-Year Appropriation
    b.Non-severable Services
    -Fully Funded
    -Multi-Year Contract
  4.Modifications
 E.Acquiring both severable and non-severable services
  1.Single Definitive Contract
  2.Indefinite-Delivery/Indefinite-Quantity Contract
III.Case Studies
IV.Frequently Asked Questions

Potential appropriations law violation

The use of multi-year contracting is an exception to the general rule that contracts for non-severable services must be funded in full at contract award. If the non-severable requirement under consideration does not meet the conditions for the use of multi-year contracting procedures, then the only remaining alternative is to fund the requirement in full upon award.

Consult the Office of the General Counsel.

Return to Decision Factors